Financial Sustainability in Health Systems: Theory and Practice


Today, the production and consumption of health goods and services are carried out through the medium of modern health systems. A health system refers to any set of activities comprising of supply, demand, management, resources, organization, financing, legislation, and policies of health services. The main objective of any health system is to improve and develop the health of population, to fulfil the expectations of people, and to provide financial protection against the costs of ill-health.

Sustainability in health systems ranks first among the most debated topics of recent years. The main reasons underlying the debates on the sustainability are the rising costs and scarcity of resources. In order to achieve the health system’s objective, health care and health goods/services should be equitable, sustainable and accessible by all citizens.